nginx+ffmpeg搭建流媒体服务器(直播流)

时间:2020-03-27

这里实现了简单nginx+ffmpeg 推本地mp4视频文件的功能,以后将会继续更新

环境

系统环境:CentOS release 6.7 (Final)

需求

利用nginx和ffmpeg搭建流媒体服务器

利用nginx和ffmpeg搭建流媒体服务器(直播流),其他流后续会有所更新

关于用Nginx搭建flv,mp4,hls流媒体服务器的技术干货!

模块:nginx_mod_h264_streaming(支持h264编码MP4格式的视频)

模块:http_flv_module (支持flv)

模块:http_mp4_module (支持mp4)

模块: nginx-rtmp-module (支持rtmp协议,也支持HLS)

步骤

(1)模块下载和解压

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.6.0.tar.gz

wget http://h264.code-shop.com/download/nginx_mod_h264_streaming-2.2.7.tar.gz

wget http://sourceforge.net/projects/pcre/files/pcre/8.35/pcre-8.35.tar.gz

wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz

wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.1g.tar.gz

wget -O nginx-rtmp-module.ziphttps://github.com/arut/nginx-rtmp-module/archive/master.zip

将所有模块统一放置在/usr/local/nginx_sources目录下,方便管理

安装步骤:openssl-->zlib-->pcre

1.openssl

./config --prefix=/usr/local/openssl -->make -->make install

2. zlib

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib-->make -->make install

3.pcre

./configure ==prefix=/usr/local/pcre -->make -->make install

(2)配置命令,会生成makefile文件

cd /usr/local/nginx-1.6.0

./configure \

--prefix=/usr/local/nginx \

--add-module=/usr/tmp/nginx_mod_h264_streaming-2.2.7 \

--add-module=/usr/tmp/nginx-rtmp-module-master \

--with-http_flv_module \

--with-http_mp4_module \

--with-http_stub_status_module \

--with-http_ssl_module \

--with-pcre=/usr/tmp/pcre-8.35 \

--with-zlib=/usr/tmp/zlib-1.2.8 \

--with-debug\

--with-openssl=/usr/tmp/openssl-1.0.1g

错误提示:如果在configure过程中出现以下错误:

/root/nginx_mod_h264_streaming-2.2.7/src/ngx_http_streaming_module.c: In function ‘ngx_streaming_handler’:

/root/nginx_mod_h264_streaming-2.2.7/src/ngx_http_streaming_module.c:158: error: ‘ngx_http_request_t’ has no member named ‘zero_in_uri’

make[1]: *** [objs/addon/src/ngx_http_h264_streaming_module.o] Error 1

make[1]: Leaving directory `/root/nginx-0.8.54'

make: *** [build] Error 2

那么将src/ngx_http_streaming_module.c文件中以下代码删除或者是注释掉就可以了:

/* TODO: Win32 */

if (r->zero_in_uri)

{

return NGX_DECLINED;

}

如果你没有对这个文件做个更改,那么应该在源码的第157-161行。

cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin--> ./nginx ( 启动nginx) -->netstat -nltp(如果80端口启动就说明安装成功)

-->在浏览器输入http://172.19.197.244:80

(3)开始安装ffmpeg,参考安装文档http://www.voidcn.com/blog/yangguangmeng/article/p-4881242.html(转载)

安装ffmpeg:(如果系统不支持上网功能,可以自行从网下先下载,再上传到服务器)

下载FFmpeg和libx264的包

ffmpeg-3.2.4.tar.bz2 last_x264.tar.bz2

libx264需要yasm,所以先安装yasm

zypper install yasm

然后安装libx264

zypper install libx264-dev

解压缩libx264

tar -xzvf last_x264.tar.bz2

安装libx264

./configure --enable-shared --enable-pthread --enable-pic

make

make install

然后安装ffmpeg,ffmpeg有许多依赖包,需要一个一个先安装,可能安装过程中还需要下载其他依赖包,这个安装过程依照提示进行下载安装即可

1. libfaac

zypper install libfaac-dev

2. libmp3lame

zypper install libmp3lame-dev

3. libtheora

zypper install libtheora-dev

4. libvorbis

zypper install libvorbis-dev

5. libxvid

zypper install libxvidcore-dev

6. libxext

zypper install libxext-dev

7. libxfixes

zypper install libxfixes-dev

依赖包安装完后,安装ffmpeg

先解压缩ffmpeg

tar -xzvf ffmpeg-3.2.4.tar.bz2

cd /usr/local/ffmpeg_sources #我把它统一放在/usr/local/ffmpeg_sources目录

cd ffmpeg ffmpeg-3.2.4

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/ffmpeg --enable-gpl --enable-version3 --enable-nonfree --enable-postproc --enable-pthreads --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libtheora --enable-libx264 --enable-libxvid --enable-x11grab

make && make install

cd /usr/local/nginx/conf -->vi nginx.conf

http {

include mime.types;

default_type application/octet-stream;

#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '

# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '

# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

#access_log logs/access.log main;

sendfile on;

#tcp_nopush on;

#keepalive_timeout 0;

keepalive_timeout 65;

#gzip on;

server {

listen 80;

server_name localhost;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

location / {

root html;

index index.html index.htm;

}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html

#

error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;

location = /50x.html {

root html;

}

location /hls {

types {

application/vnd.apple.mpegurl m3u8;

video/mp2t ts;

}

root /tmp;

add_header Cache-Control no-cache;

}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80

#

#location ~ \.php$ {

# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;

#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000

#

#location ~ \.php$ {

# root html;

# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;

# fastcgi_index index.php;

# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;

# include fastcgi_params;

#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root

# concurs with nginx's one

#

#location ~ /\.ht {

# deny all;

#}

}

server {

listen 8080;

location /stat {

rtmp_stat all;

rtmp_stat_stylesheet stat.xsl;

}

location /stat.xsl {

root /usr/local/nginx-rtmp-module/; #在nginx-rtmp-module源码根目录

}

}

# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration

#

#server {

# listen 8000;

# listen somename:8080;

# server_name somename alias another.alias;

# location / {

# root html;

# index index.html index.htm;

# }

#}

# HTTPS server

#

#server {

# listen 443 ssl;

# server_name localhost;

# ssl_certificate cert.pem;

# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

# ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;

# ssl_session_timeout 5m;

# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;

# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

# location / {

# root html;

# index index.html index.htm;

# }

#}

}

错误提示:安装ffmpeg出现错误, cannot open shared object file

vi /etc/ld.so.conf

在尾部增加一行:/usr/local/lib

-->ldconfig

温馨提示:如果编译过程中出现一些错误,学会看config.log,里面会有错误提示及解决方法

5、配置好后判断配置是否正确

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

-->重启nginx /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

-->查看是否已经启动流媒体服务器的端口

netstat -anp | grep 1935

6、开始推流,我推的是直播流

-->cd /usr/local/ffmpeg_sources/ffmpeg-3.2.4

-->./ffmpeg -re -i "/usr/local/WEB.mp4" -vcodec libx264 -vprofile baseline -acodec aac -ar 44100 -strict -2 -ac 1 -f flv -s 1280x720 -pix_fmt yuv420p -q 10 rtmp://172.19.197.244:1935/myapp/test

-->make && make install

7. 搭建客户端测试环境,本文测试播放器使用的是jwplayer

-->准备网页

-->下载jwplayer:http://www.longtailvideo.com/players/jw-flv-player/

-->下载后,解压到:/usr/local/nginx/html/

-->建立测试页面test.html,也放到上面目录下。

<html>

<head>

<script src="jwplayer/jwplayer.js"></script>

</head>

<body>

<div id='my-video'></div>

<script type='text/javascript'>

jwplayer('my-video').setup({

file:'rtmp://172.19.197.244/myapp/test', //#live是applicatioin,test是直播缓存流文件

width:'100%',

aspectratio:'3:2',

fallback:'false',

primary:'flash'

});

</script>

</body>

</html>

ps:由于脚本默认不调用javascript函数,所以我们要去官网下载这个函数配置文件,将它放在

/usr/local/nginx/html/jwplayer/jwplayer.js,由于jwplayer.js是没有的,需要自己创建

-->下载网址:https://github.com/jwplayer/jwdeveloper-demos/blob/master/demos/toolbox/live-streaming/index.html

找到下图这个网址,然后打开网址将jwplayer.js的代码复制进你之前创建的配置文件中

8,使用ffmpeg推流到nginx

推一个本地的mp4到上面配置的myapp上:

ffmpeg -re -i /tmp/ffmpeg_test.mp4 -vcodec copy -acodec copy -f flv "rtmp://127.0.0.1:1935/myapp/test1"

1

流播放地址为(10.0.0.6是我本地的IP):rtmp://10.0.0.6:1935/myapp/test1

1

推一个本地的mp4到hls上

ffmpeg -re -i /tmp/ffmpeg_test.mp4 -vcodec copy -acodec copy -f flv "rtmp://127.0.0.1:1935/hls/test2"

1

流播放地址为: http://10.0.0.6/hls/test2.m3u8

1

流媒体播放器地址:http://www.cutv.com/demo/live_test.swf

nginx+ffmpeg搭建流媒体服务器(直播流)

VLC播放hls流:

nginx+ffmpeg搭建流媒体服务器(直播流)
码字不易,如果您觉得文章写得不错,您又有闲心的话,请点击广告支持